According to a report from the BBC, government figures show that so far, there have been more than nine million confirmed cases of coronavirus in the UK and more than 140,000 people have died.
However, these numbers encompass only people who have died within 28 days of testing positive for coronavirus.
So far, 87% of people between the ages of 12 and over in the UK have had their first vaccine dose, while more than 79% have had their second and on the other hand, 15% have had a booster dose.
After a very sharp fall in cases at the end of July, the intermediate number of daily confirmed cases has been rising since the end of September. However, there has been a small fall in cases recently.
A total of 41,299 confirmed cases were announced on Wednesday.
These recent spikes have been propelled by the Delta variant, which spreads faster than the previously most common Kent variant (now called the Alpha variant).
International leaders have called for the reintroduction and reinforcement of some of the Covid restrictions like the mandatory covering of faces in crowded and enclosed spaces, to avoid a winter crisis.
However, the government has said there are presently no schemes to activate the so-called Plan B for the winter.
Why UK Cases Are Spiking
UK cases are spiking because the infection rate in the early peak of the virus in spring last year was extensively higher than was noticeable from the regular reports on the number of cases. This ensued in Testing capacity being too restricted to detect the true number of daily cases.
So far there were 217 deaths within 28 days of a positive test reported on Wednesday.
181 were from England, 20 were from Scotland, nine were from Northern Ireland, and 7 were from Wales.
England on the other hand has seen the majority of UK deaths since the pandemic began, with more than 123,000 deaths so far.
The R Number
The “R number” is the intermediate number of people an infected person can pass on a disease or infection to.
If R is below one, then the number of people contracting the disease will decline; if it is above one, the number will rise.
The government has said in the past that the R number is one of the most important factors in making policy decisions.
The latest R number estimate for England is 1.1 to 1.3, while for Scotland it is 0.8 to 1.0, for Wales, it is 0.9 to 1.1 and for Northern Ireland, it is 0.95 to 1.15.
87% (more than 50 million people) of those aged 12 and over in the UK, have now received their first dose of the Covid vaccine.
The volume of people who have received a second vaccine dose is now roughly 46 million, or more than 79% of people aged 12 and over.
There is a booster campaign now underway, with 30 million people in nine priority groups qualifying for a third dose.
The uptake of first and second doses of vaccines has relatively dropped off. There has been a sudden rise in the number of individuals getting booster doses. More than seven million of these booster doses have been reportedly administered in England.
In Scotland, more than 790,000 people have had their booster shot, while that figure is nearly 485,000 in Wales and it is more than 100,000 in Northern Ireland.